ditions are favorable for development of vegetable growing,
but sown lands for vegetable growing are small so far. Over 40% of sown
lands are occupied by forage crops (perennial grasses, corn for silage,
peas, vetch, fodder beets, alfalfa, turnips).
Podillya is a land of gardening. Main fruit crops include apple, pear,
apricot, cherry, merry, and walnuts. The animal farming in the oblast is
based on a field fodder production, natural pastures, food industry
wastes, and manufacture of combined fodder. The most important sectors
are beef and dairy cattle farming and pig breeding. Poultry, sheep, and
rabbit breeding, apiculture and fish farming are developed as well.
The program of animal farming intensification was worked out in the
oblast. The base of it is the establishment of specialized arrays of
breeding stock, competitive dairy and beef cattle, increase in the share
of hybrid and crossbred young pigs. A network of breeding centers and
farms is functioning. It is planned to change the structure of the main
herd towards increase of the number of beef cows in the Polissya zone
and to compensate the reduction of dairy cattle by raising their
TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS
The Khmelnytsky oblast has a well-developed transportation network. Its
location at transport routs that connect main industrial oblasts of
Ukraine (metropolitan, Kharkiv, Dniproside, Donbas), Russia and the
Black Sea ports with western Ukraine and countries of Central and East
Europe is very important.A railway and a number of motor roads leading
to Belorus, Baltic countries, Molodova and South-East Europe cross the
oblast from north to south.
The main means of freight and passenger transportation within the oblast
and to other oblasts is the railway. The oblast is situated in the
functioning zone of the southwest railway and has 40 railway stations.
The largest junctions are Shepetivka and Hrechany (near Khmelnitsky).
The oblast center has a convenient railway communication with European
capitals – Moscow, Prague, Bratislave, Warsaw, Budapest, and Belgrade.
In future the transport communication will improve – it is planned to
build a high-speed motorway “West Europe-Kiev” that will pass through
Khmelnitsky has an airport with concrete runway of 2,200 meters long,
wich meets the requirements of an international airport.
Gas pipelines crossing the oblast represent the pipeline transportation:
“Soyiuz” (Orenburg – western border of Ukraine), Urengoi-Uzhgorod, and
Telecommunications in the oblast are developing. The Kyiv-West
fiber-optical cable has been laid across the oblast, “Utel”
international communication system expands the zone of its functioning
and the mobile phone communication network is developing.
FOREIGN ECONOMIC RELATIONS
Forming of the market relations period in the oblast is marked by
intensification of foreign economic activity. During the last years the
amounts of export and import have grown. The oblast’s trade balance is
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