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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваKirovohrad Region (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Kirovograd Region is situated in the center of Ukraine, between the

rivers of the Dnieper and the Southern Bug.




The history of the Region begins in IV-III millennium B. C.: the

trypilska culture was developed in the Region's territory. The

settlements of chornoliska, chernyakhivska cultures and Scythian tribes

have been discovered. In the late 1st millennium A. D. the northern

parts of the Region formed a part of the Kyiv Rus. Later on the

territory of the Region was under the rule of Lithuania, Poland. Our

ancestors have domesticated a horse, they were engaged in farming and

stock-breeding, they defended their land from aggressors.


In the 2nd half of the 15th century this territory became a part of the

lands where the Zaporizhia Cossacks community was organized.


Later, during almost three centuries, the lands belonged mostly to the

"Zaporizhia Army Liberties". Cossacks worked and fought for their

independence there.


The first battle of the Cossacks’ Liberation War (1648-1654) near Zhovti

Vody took place on the territory of modern Kirovograd Region. In the

middle of the 18th c. A. D. the colonization of this territory by the

people from Russia, Bulgaria and Serbia began. In 1752 the New Serbia,

and in 1754 – the fortress of Saint Elizabeth were founded, which later

became the town of Elizabethgrad (modern Kirovograd) – the district

center in Kherson province.


The present borders of Kirovograd Region were formed in 1939. Nowadays

the territory of Kirovograd Region is 24,6 thousand square km (4,1% of

the total territory of Ukraine). The population is 1115,7 thousand

people (2,3% of the population of Ukraine). The density of the

population in Kirovograd Region is 45,3 people per square km (in Ukraine

it is 80 people per square km).


60,2% of the Kirovograd Region population (673,4 thousand inhabitants)

is urban; 39,8% (442,3 thousand inhabitants) is rural. The

representatives of more than 98 ethnic groups live in Kirovograd Region:

90,1% – Ukrainians, 7,5% – Russians, 0,7% – Moldavians and others.


Kirovograd Region consists of 21 administrative districts, 12 cities (4

of them are under regional authority), 26 urban villages, and 1024



The mild and warm climate of Kirovograd Region, radon and mineral water

deposits (about 150 000 cu. m per year), forests, valleys, rivers,

create favorable conditions for organization of short and long-term

recreation and entertainment, as well as a system of health resorts.


The position of the Region in the center of the Ukrainian crystalline

massif causes the formation of large rare metal deposits. The

characteristic feature of Kirovograd metallogenic zone is the whole

range of ore-bearing rocks: tungsten, copper, molybdenum, apatite,

uranium, gold and silver, bismuth, tin, lead, beryllium, stibium,

tantalum and niobium.


Kirovograd Region potential of mineral resources and sources of raw

materials is more than 340 deposits of minerals; 107 of them are being

developed: among them deposits of coal, iron ore, nickel ore, raw

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