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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваKyiv City (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Kyiv City is located in the center of Eastern Europe and has attractive

geographical location and natural conditions. Kyiv is located on the

both banks of Dnipro river, lowest of inflow of left flow – Desna. North

part of the city is located on Polisskiy lowland, southwestern (right

bank) – on Prydniprivsky highland, south-eastern (left bank) – on

Prydniprovsky lowland. Exceeding of relative highland on right bank is

reached to 100-105 m. Left bank part of Kyiv is melted terrace, weak

shared plain with over heights to 35 m.


Climate in Kyiv is moderate continental, with relative soft winter and

warm summer. Average temperature in January is -6,0°C, -6,1°C and in

July is +19,1°C, +19,2°C. Average annual level of sediment is 600 mm a

year (from 551 to 628 mm). Humidity of wind is 51-52% in May and 94-95%

in December. Number of hours of sunny days is 1843 a year.


Influence of Kyiv and Kanev reservoirs is explained the strengthen of

breeze circulation, changes of wind speed and sum of atmosphere



Area of Kyiv in administrative borders is 83,6 thous. ha (836,

including 33,8 thous. ha are built up or 40%, and including 6,2 thous.

ha are built up by living houses. The industrial objects possess 6

thous. ha of land, public built up – 6,7 thous, ha, streets, squares and

embankments – 5 thous. ha, objects of transport – 2,2 thous. ha.

Forests, green plantation of general usage and reservoirs possess more

than half of the city territory. The basic of green plantation of the

city is a unique water and green diameter with length for 30 km and

width of 1,5-5 km, which includes area of water of Dnipro with islands,

coastal parks and meows parks.


The main water resource of the city is Dnipro. The width of Dnipro is

400-600 m, depth is 6-12 m: on shallow water, the width is 800-1000 m,

the depth is 4-5 m in the boundaries of the city. The freezing-over

lasts from the end of November till the beginning of March. Following

rivers as Lybid, Syrets, Vita (right inflows of Dnipro), Gorenka, Nyvka

(inflow of Irpen) run on the territory of Kyiv. The water objects on the

territory of the city possess about 6,7 thous. ha of area at whole.


Kyiv has rich recreation resources. The city is surrounded by continuous

circle of forests practically. The Coniferous and big-leafs forests are

located on the North, northwest and west (zone of mixed forests), and in

forest-steppe zone – big leafs forests. The considerable natural and

artificial forest parks and parks are located in the boundaries of the

city. The allocation for green plantation is more than 200 sq.m. per

inhabitant of area.


The attractive natural conditions of Kyiv are assisted to establishment

and development of two climatic resorts: Pushcha-Vodytsya and

Koncha-Zaspa (resort of general state significance). 37 sanatoriums and

boarding houses with treatment, houses of rest and besides 27

sanatorium-dispensaries are functioned on the territory of the city.


41 objects of natural-reserve fund, including 14 of state significance

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