und, including 14 of state significance
are located on the territory of the city. Among it area Botanic garden
named after Academic Fomin O.V., Central Republic Botanic Garden of NAS
of Ukraine, Syrets dendropark, zoo and parks-monuments of garden and
HISTORY OF KYIV
Kyiv is a historical city with glorious past. It is officially
determinated, that the foundation of the city was more than 1500 years
ago. For this period of time, city lived through upwards and down wards,
Kyiv is a capital of Rus, a state establishment of eastern Slavs and
Russians from Ix till the beginning of XIII century. The fast
development of Kyiv was stopped by Tatar and Mongol piled up, as a
result, the city was destroyed and rubberized in 1240.
The economical rehabilitation of Kyiv was started in XIV century and it
became the heart of Ukrainian nationality formation. The gradual
incorporation of Ukrainian lands to Lithuania State “Great Principality
of Lithuanian” took place. From 1362 Kyiv is under power of Lithuania
and in 1470 Kyiv Principality was re-organized to Province in the
membership of Lithuania State, Kyiv City increased and developed as
economical center of Ukraine.
Kyiv received Magdeburg Law in 1494-1497 and it gave Kyiv an
opportunityto perform self-governing in the city. It was progressive
act, which assisted to all – round social and economical development of
Lithuania united with Poland into Rich Pospolita by Lublana Union in
1596. From this time, Kyiv was under power of Poland. The next one
hundred years were characterized of liberated fighting of Ukrainian
people against Polish Shlyahta. As a result it was announced of Ukraine
as a State and further it unification With Russia (caused of several
Kyiv became the member of Russia in 1654, and from 1708 the city became
the center of Kyiv Guberniya. The further historical period is
characterized by considerable successes of the city in economical
development, that positive reflected on general social and economical
condition of all Russian Empire. Kyiv was a member of Russia till 1917.
The breakdown of Russian Empire in 1917 gave an opportunity to Ukraine
to receive independence. Kyiv was a capital of Ukrainian People Republic
fro this non-long period of time (1918-1919).
After finishing of public war and establishment of USSR, Kyiv City
became the capital of Ukrainian SSR. It was written a tragic and
glorious pages in the history of Ukraine during it membership in USSR.
The outstanding specialists of Ukrainian science and culture,
representatives of technical, creative intelligentsia, military leaders
and specialists were disparaged by different reasons. Kyivers were in
this mass at whole.
But at this time due to efforts of Ukrainian people, Ukraine became the
second one after Russia, economically developed republic of USSR, and
Kyiv took the powerful place among prominent cities with developed
economical and social sphere.
During Seconf World War, Kyiv was fully destroyed practically. The hero
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