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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваKyiv City (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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iv was fully destroyed practically. The hero

defense of Kyiv lasted 72 days in 1941. And the city was liberated on 6

November 1943.


Kyiv was awarded an honoured title of “city-hero” for heroism of city

inhabitants during the war, it strong resistance against enemy and

economical contribution to the victory. It was expressed in Law Of

Ukraine “On capital of Ukraine – city-hero Kyiv”.


Supreme Soviet of Ukraine announced the Declaration on Independence in

1991 and Kyiv became the capital of one of the biggest countries of

Europe – independent Ukraine. The city not only kept, but also improved

those positions, which had in Soviet Union. Kyiv is stayed a center and

symbol of sovereign for Eastern Slavs, an evidence of it historical

identity, that confirmed by numerous historical and architectural and

other monuments irrespectively on reasons. And the city look likes the

same for all Ukrainian society at the present time.




Capital of Ukraine – Kyiv City, on the modern stage of own development,



1. Political; and administrative center of the state, place of location



- residence of the State Head – President of Ukraine;


- Supreme Soviet of Ukraine;


- Cabinet of Ministries of Ukraine;


- Constitutional Court of Ukraine;


- Other central state authorities.


2. Economical center of Ukraine


The powerful economical potential is concentrated in Kyiv, consisted of

multi branch industry, building complex, developed systems of branches

of public economy, transport means, systems of modern connection and the



More than 485 biggest industrial enterprises and thousands of small and

joint ventures, building organizations, transport organizations,

connection and the like are located and worked in Kyiv. The considerable

building potential is formed in the capital: more than 200 contract

building and assembling organizations, numerous number of project and

search enterprises, about one and a half thousands small building

enterprises and cooperatives work. Wide net of local transport is

functioned in Kyiv.


The location on the crossing of numerous transport highways is promoted

to economical development of Kyiv: water, railway, automobile, air. It

passes from west to east (from countries of Western and Central Europe

to Russia, and to Caucuses), and from North to South (from Russia to

Baltic States and Scandinavia to Southwestern Europe). The

transformation of Kyiv into great junction of air transport is on by

rapid tempo for the last time. Airport “Kyiv” (Zhulyany) and closed to

it – largest international airport of the country – Boryspil, are

located in the boundaries of the city.


3. Religious, cultural, historical, scientific and educational center of



A great number of historical, cultural and architectural monuments are

located in Kyiv and carefully saved, rehabilitated and reconstructed by

local authorities. The capital of Ukraine is to full by institutes of

science, education, and, art than other cities of the country.

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