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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваKyiv City (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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orussia and

Ukraine. From nine international transport corridors authorised at the

second Pan-European conference, through Kyiv passes three: "Berlin –

Vrotslav – Lviv – Kyiv", "Helsinki – St.Petersburg – Moscow – Kyiv –

Chishenau – Bucharest – Alexondropolis", “Triest – Lublana – Budapest –

Kyiv”. One of main transeuropean highways “Milan – Budapest – Lviv –

Kyiv” passes through the capital of Ukraine.


Last years, Kyiv became a key part in development of telecommunication

networks, which should connect Western Europe to the countries of CIS

and Asian continent, and has appeared at the centre of realisation of

the greatest telecommunication projects of Ukraine. Constructed South,

North and West optical and fibre lines of the communication in a complex

with the international projects (ITUR, TEL, TAE, BSFOCS), in last years

within the framework of the projects, provide an exit of Kyiv on digital

telecommunication networks of the countries of CIS and Baltic States,

Europe, Near East, and also in system FLAG (round-the-world optical and

fibre line). In Kyiv there are headquarters and work all greatest

telecommunication companies of Ukraine, the majority from which is the

enterprises with the foreign investments.


Taking into account, that the development of Kyiv provides its

integration with the European countries, the need for development of a

modern communication facility and qualified transport services in one

hour will be increased. And it gives additional opportunities for

realisation of favourable capital investments in the field of transport

and communication. This conclusion proves to be true in particular that

in our city already was realised some large investment projects both

domestic and foreign investors for the last time.




Spheres of circulation, among which greatest share (more than 90%) are

owing to trade and public catering, will play the important role in

formation GDP. So in 1997-98, the fourth part of total regional product

created was formed in capital. Appreciably it was connected to those by

structural changes, which in the middle of 90 years were held in local

economy: reduction of industrial manufacture, flow of the capital to

areas with insignificant term of a circulation (less than one year). The

important meaning has influence of such factor, as achievement of

positive results without the large capital investments.




Kyiv is a centre of science of Ukraine. In city National academy of

sciences of Ukraine and majority of its branch institutes, which have

world well-known scientific schools are located. Among them are the

institutes of electric welding, powder metallurgy, cybernetics,

synthesis of composite materials, laser technology and the like.


Besides, the various branch and departmental research and design

institutes and organisations, and also prominent higher educational

institutions of Ukraine work in Kyiv.


In total in Kyiv, about 380 organisations are engaged in scientific

activity (almost 25% of their quantity in Ukraine). Almost 57% of

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