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реферати, курсові, дипломні:

Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваKyiv City (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
Замовити оригінальну роботу

ctivity (almost 25% of their quantity in Ukraine). Almost 57% of

scientific organisations of city is concentrated in branch sector of a

science, 36% are owing to academic sector, 5% – to high school, 2% – to

scientific and research subsidiaries of the industrial enterprises.




Air transport


Kyiv are a greatest air gate of independent Ukraine. Two international

airports serve the city. The airport "Boryspil", located for 30 km from

cities serves mainly international airlines. It connects of Kyiv with

more than 40 capitals of the countries of the world. The airport "Kyiv"

is in the municipal property and located in city boundaries. Main

offices of the greatest airlines of Ukraine are also located in Kyiv:

"Airlines of Ukraine", "International airlines of Ukraine", "Aerosvit",

and also considerable part of private passenger and cargo airlines.


The works concerning a modernisation last for several years with the aim

that the airport "Boryspil" answered all international requirements. The

gradual updating of the airport is carried out by own forces with

attraction of the credits of the European bank for reconstruction and

development. Already some years work the modernised main terminal. The

works on creation of an additional flying and landing strip of the

international level are now conducted.


The airport of "Kyiv" specialises, mainly on realisation of internal



Railway transportation


The railway roads connect Kyiv practically to all European capitals,

with the majority of large cities of Russia, Byelorussia and with all

large cities of Ukraine. Developed length of railway ways on territory

of city exceeds 400 km. A cargo turnover is provided 9 commodity

stations in Kyiv City. The central railway station is located in city

centre. The structurally railway network, which serves capital, is

included into structure of the Southwest railway. In Kyiv there are

headquarters of the Ukrainian railway company "Ukrzaliznytsya". A

convenient location of city, its industrial and commercial potential

assist to constant revival of business activity of a railway

transportation, increase of volume of passengers and freight



River transport


The river of Dnipro, on which both coasts located Kyiv, is an important

transport junction of Ukraine. It connects Kyiv not only to northern and

southern regions of Ukraine, ports of the Black and Azov seas, but also

with 15 European countries of pools of Danube, Main and Rhine, and also

Russian Federation, Poland and Byelorussia.


In Kyiv, there are river cargo and passenger ports. In capital of

Ukraine, the headquarters of the joint-stock company "Ukrrichfleet",

greatest Ukrainian company of cargo carriages by water are located. The

company "River walking and excursion agency", carried out river

passenger transportation, is located in Kyiv.




Kyiv is on a crossroads of automobile ways in East Europe. Routes from

here run which connect city both to the countries of Central and Western

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