The Kiev region is situated in the northern part of Ukraine: in the
basin of the Dnipro river and its tributaries – the Ros', the Desna, the
Irpen', The Trubizh, the Pryp'iat' rivers, etc. The region is divided
into 25 administrative districts. There are 10 cities of regional
subordination, 14 towns of district subordination, 29 settlements of
urban type, 1134 rural settlements in its territory.
The territory of the region covers 28.1 thousand sq. km. (4.7% of the
area of Ukraine). It borders on the Zhytomyr, the Vinnytsia, the
Cherkasy, the Poltava, the Chernihiv region, as well as on the Gomel
region of Bilorus' Republic.
The state administration together with executive committees of city
councils defends the rights and legitimate interests of the citizens,
ensures the complex social and economic development of the territory and
implements the state policy in administrative spheres specified by law.
The regional and district state administrations leaded by local heads of
administration are the bodies of the state executive power in the region
and its districts. The executive committees act in the cities of
regional subordination, they are headed by city presidents electing by
Population – 1808.3 thousand persons.
The density of population amounts to 64 people per 1 sq.km. 58% of the
total population lives in towns and cities, and 42% is rural population.
Natural and climatic features. As regards its relief the Kiev region is,
for the greater part, a plain. The southern part of its territory is cut
by ravines and gullies. Soils are for the most part chernozyom (black
earth) – meadows, sod-podzols and forest type loams (the proportion of
cultivated area amounts to over 60%). The climate is moderately
continental. The average temperature in January is -6°C, in July +19°C.
The mean annual rainfall amounts to 570-610 mm.
Minerals: peat, brown coal, sand for glass production, limestone, brick
and tile earth, granite. There is an amber deposit in the region.
The Kiev region ranks among the leading regions of Ukraine as regards
the level of industrial development. With peculiarities of productive
forces taken into account, there are three economic subdistricts in the
territory of the region, namely, the Polissia, the Kiev suburban and the
Southern forest-steppe subdistrict.
The following branches of industry are developed in Polissia: produce
The central suburban subdistrict is specialized in machine building
industry, electric power industry, woodworking industry, wood-pulp and
paper industry, there is a well-developed light industry and food
industry in this subdistrict.
The specialization of the Southern forest-steppe subdistrict consists in
machine-building industry, petrochemical industry, food industry, in
particular sugar industry, and light branches of industrial production.
The basis of the industrial potential of the region consists in 345 big
and middle enterprises. The leading enterprises have all-state
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