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реферати, курсові, дипломні:

Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваKyiv Region (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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le roads and

railways, their total length amounts to 8200 and 800 km, respectively.

The trunk roads of international significance: Lviv - Kharkiv, Lviv -

Moscow, St. Petersburg - Odessa and others, cross the territory of the



The region has railway communication with all parts of Ukraine and with

other countries of CIS. The international expresses cross its territory

on their way to all states of Eastern Europe.


"Boryspil", the international-class airport, is the biggest air gate of

Ukraine. It provides regular air flights to over 30 states of the world.

There are two more airfields in the region, which are available for

cargo transport aircrafts.


The "Sybir - Western Europe" gas main which passes through the territory

of the region has promoted the construction of a dense network of gas

mains. Besides, there are a number of fuel pipe-lines (benzine, Diesel

oil) passing through the territory of the Kiev region.




The Kiev region is the motherland for fundamental scientific researches.

The selection studies carried out at the Myronivka Scientific and

Research Institute for wheat selection and seed-growing named after

V.M.Remeslo has the world-wide significance. Such wheat varieties as

"Myronivska 264", "Myronivska 808", "Myronivska yuvileina", "Mriia-1"

are well-known far from Ukraine.


The Institute of Horticulture of the Ukrainian Academy of Agrarian

Sciences develops scientific basis for intensification of horticulture,

berry-culture, seedling-culture, conservation and proceeding of fruit

and berry products, selection of new fruit and berry cultures using the

traditional methods and modern results of applied genetics and genetic

engineering. The special attention must be paid to winter-hardy, scab

protected pear-trees ("Etiud", "Stryiska", "Khrystyianka"), apple-trees

of intensive type ("Askold", "Teremok"), column-shaped apple-trees

("Vertykal'", "Tantsivnytsia"), new sorts of black current with complex

oligogene resistibility to diseases and pests.


There is the Institute of Agriculture Mechanization and Electrification

in the Kiev region, it designs end implements the agricultural

technologic innovations.


The Potato Institute of the Ukrainian Academy of Agrarian Sciences is

the principal institution of the Scientific and Methodological Center

for Potato Problems in Ukraine.


The main top-priority directions of its scientific studies are:


creation of new competitive varieties of potatoes, which possess good

culinary and gustatory quality. Among 74 varieties of potatoes filed in

the Register of Plant Varieties of Ukraine, 39 varieties (or 53%) are

selected in this Institute;


perfection and development of technologies of seed material accelerated

sanitation and invigoration to create elite varieties of potato. The

implementation of biotechnological methods allows to diminish the period

to create elite variety to 3-4 years;


improvement and development of energy saving technologies to produce

seed and food potatoes ensures the yield of 250-350 metric centners per

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