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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваLuhansk Region (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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egion steppe landscape is dominating. The region’s surface

is mainly a sinuous plain that rises from Seversky Donets valley in

Southern and Northern directions up to Donetsky ridge. The ground is

fertile, mostly black earth (chernozem), 80% of region area is ploughed

and only 7% is covered with wood. The climate is temperate. The average

temperature of the hottest month (July) is +21°С and that of coldest

month (January) is -7°С. Winter is comparatively cold with cutting

Eastern and South-Eastern winds and light frosts. Summer is hot; its

second part is rather dry. The annual average amount of precipitation is

459-505 mm the major part of which belongs to April-September.


Lugansk region is one of the most multinational regions of Ukraine. Its

population represents more than 100 nationalities: Ukrainians, Russians,

Byelorussians, Uzbeks, Jews, Bulgarians, Georgians, Armenians, Germans,

Tatars, Poles and others.


The total population estimated on December 1, 2001 makes 2574,6 th. of

people. 83% of them live in the city and 17% – rural areas.


Density of population is 97,7 people/km2.


Demographic load (per1000 people of able-bodied age citizens) is 805,5

th. people which is 32% of total population.






Luhansk region constitutes an important part of economic potential of

Ukraine. The profitable geographical position, close location of raw

material sources and product sell markets, multiple industry advanced

network of the transport communications, high density of the population

give Lugansk region lots advantages that other regions of the country do

not have.


Industry plays the main role in region’s economy and its share, in

volume of a total public product makes three quarters. In state

distribution of activities our region provides 7,6% of the whole

industrial production produced in Ukraine and is occupies the 4 place

among all the regions of the country.


On the basis of the region’s natural resources some important industrial

powers in different branches of industry are created. According to many

types of industrial products the region takes the leading place in

Ukraine, providing about 43% of coal extraction volume, more than 15% of

primary processing of petroleum and release of petroleum, about 30% of

metal-cutting machine tools, 20% – nitric fertilizers, about 31% of

calcium soda, 32 5 – synthetic pitches and plastic, more than 70% –

window glass, more than half of beaten cardboard.


The industrial potential of the region is a diversified complex where

the largest part belongs to heavy industry. The power electric complex

is in the lead. The basic role here belongs to extractive industry; its

enterprises take the fourth part. In extractive branch the coal

enterprises are dominated.


The industry of the region is also represented by enterprises of

mechanical engineering, chemical, petrochemical, food, timber, textile

industry and industry of building materials. The share of production

made by the enterprises of manufacturing industry makes in total more

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