Lviv Region is situated in the Western part of Ukraine which is
traditionally called Galychyna. This Region borders on Ivano-Frankivsk,
Ternopil, Volyn, Rivne, Pre-Carpathian regions of Ukraine. It borders on
Poland in extension of about 280.0 km.
The area of the Region is 21.8 thousand sq. km or 3.6% of Ukrainian
total territory. The population is 2.7 million people, that makes 5.4%
of population of Ukraine. There is high population density in the Region
– 125 persons per 1 sq. km. The Region consists of 20 districts,
including 43 towns and 1859 villages. Urban population makes up 61% of
Lviv is the capital of the Region. It is a significant administrative,
industrial and cultural centre of Ukraine which is included in the
UNESCO inheritance list. Lviv is one of the biggest centers of
education, general and branch sciences in the Western Ukraine. There are
over 50 higher educational institutions in this Region. The Ukrainian
National Academy of Sciences is represented by the Western science
The Region is rich in minerals – coal, natural gas, oil, sulfur, peat,
salt, raw materials for production of cement, limectones and slates,
building and fireproof clays etc. The particular resources of Galychyna
are large reserves of curing mineral waters, where such well-known in
Europe resorts are based as Truskavets, Morshyn, Skhidnycia.
The Region has a well-developed transport network. Its territory is
crossed by international railway lines which are connected with many
capitals of European countries. There are 3 important transport
passages: from West to East (the passage number 3
Berlin-Wroclaw-Lviv-Kyiv; the passage number 5 Triest-Lubliana-Lviv)
and from North to South (Gdans’k-Warsaw-Lviv-Odessa).
In the Region there are four automobile (Krakovets, Shegyni, Rava-Ruska
and Smilnytsia) and three railway border-crossing stations (Rava-Ruska,
Mostyska and Hyriv), one air border-crossing point and airport “Lviv”.
International airlines connect with cities of Middle East, Central and
Western Europe, North-American continent as well as the countries of the
Gas pipe line is laid through the territory, that gives a possibility
for the transportation of Russian gas to European consumers. There is
also a transport oil corridor in the Region. 17-19 million tons of raw
oil is transported from Russia and Kazakhstan to the countries of
Central and Eastern Europe annually.
Lviv is one of the leading bank centers of the country and has about 100
plenipotentiary banks and their branches. Two trade exchanges and one
stock exchange are also functioning in the city.
The International Economic Forum is annually held in Lviv. It is deals
with the questions of border cooperation development. Prime Ministers of
foreign countries, representatives of Regional authority, and
businessmen take part in the Forum. Every year more than 10
International exhibitions and fairs take place in Lviv.
Lviv Region is an active participant of the Interregional Association
0