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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваMykolaiv Region (реферат)
Автор
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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tc. are also of industrial importance.

 

 

Total area of forest covered areas reaches 70 thous. hectares out of

which 38 thous. hectares are pure forests. 1.5% of the oblast territory

is covered by forest. The major tree types are oak, pine, white acacia,

poplar, etc.

 

Sea sand beaches are the major natural recreational resources. They

stretch to cover 70 km. Picturesque landscapes of the southern Bug and

numerous artificial lakes, spa water fountains with the prospected

exploitation reserves up to 1 mln. m3 per day, geological reserves of

medicative mud, especially in Tyipigulskiy and Beikushanskiy marshes,

equal to more than 2 mln. m3.

 

The region is known for its lengthy warm period with the average 24h.

air temperature on the sea coast to be more than 15°C. More than 11

thous.ha of forest are used as recreational site, including 4 thous.ha

of "green" areas around towns.

 

Economic potential of Myikolayiv oblast is a compositional part of the

Ukrainian economy as a whole. It is represented by powerful multi-branch

industry, developed agricultural-and-industrial complex, well developed

transportation network and developed sea-port economy. The oblast

industrial potential is mostly centered in 5 towns. Their share in total

oblast industrial output is almost 95%.

 

Myikolaiv is the center for machine-building industry, including

shipbuilding, non-ferrous metallurgy, food and light industries, where

more than 60 big enterprises are functioning with the share in the

oblast industry output of more than 51%. Three sea ports and a river

port are functioning there. They are equipped with modern gntries and

other equipment. Technical capacity of the trading sea port to process

different freights reaches 9 mln.ton annually. Navigation lasts all year

round.

 

In Yuznoukrainsk there is a nuclear power station, which produces 35% of

the oblast electric power.

 

Pervomaysk profiles in diesel engines and diesel generation production,

in agricultural machinery production, production of sugar, milk

preservatives and products of sewing industry.

 

Voznesensk is profiling in the production of leather, shoes, food and

products of sewing industry and Ochakiv is famous for fish

preservatives.

 

Agriculture is second in output and first in employment branch in the

oblast economy. 1.3 ha of cultivated land falls on every oblast citizen

and theoretically, every person, occupied in agriculture, has 11 ha of

plowland. These features of Myikolayiv oblast open up great

opportunities for investment in agriculture with the aim to employ

industrial know-how, powerful and highly efficient machinery.

 

The oblast has substantial export potential. The district enterprises

keep business relationships with partners from 101 countries. In some

years Myikolayiv oblast share in Ukrainian export is 3.6%. Alumina is a

substantial part in the oblast export structure. In addition to alumina

the oblast exports ships, mechanical equipment, leather, vegetation

products, etc. Import structure is primarily made up of bauxite, oil

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