icultural production is vegetation-cattle. The major
crops are grains and industrial crops (sun flower, sugar beets),
vegetables, melons and gourds. Gardening and wine growing are also well
Vegetation is well developed and fodder crops hold an important
proportion in it, which is a good foundation for cattle-breeding, having
dairy and meat direction.
In Myikolayiv oblast there is a powerful transportation system, which
includes railway, sea, river, automobile, air and pipeline transport.
Within the oblast limits the exploitation length of railways is 700 km.,
out of which 33.6% are electrified. All the lines mainly provide for
transit shipments. On the oblast territory there are 53 railway
stations, out of which Myikolayiv, Voznesensk, Pervomaysk-on-Bug,
Kolosivka, Snigurivka are the biggest.
Automobile transport plays an important role in inter-city and
inner-oblast transportation. Transport highways of Odesa, Kyiv and
Crimean directions pass through Mykolayiv. They also make a part of such
international through-passages as Euro-Asian and the Black-Sea littoral.
Important high-ways Myikolayiv Odessa Kishinyov, Myikolayiv Simferopol,
Myikoayiv Kirovograd etc. pass through the oblast territory. The length
of roads for public use is 4.7 thous. km, including 4.6 thous. km with
hard cover. The proportion of automobile transport in total volume of
goods and passenger transportation reaches 67% and 90.8%
Exploitation length of trolley lines for public use is 59.1km and tram
lines 73.2 km.
Geographic position of Myikolayiv oblast, availability of navigable
passages all these play an important role to ship goods by the sea and
rivers. Therefore, the port infrastructure and its services are a key
factor of commercial success and economic development of Myikolayiv
Navigation through the canal of Dnipro-Bug marshes is carried out by the
state enterprise "Delta-Lotsman". Its affiliate ensures navigation from
the port "Pivdennyi" (Odessa oblast) to 5 ports of Myikolayiv oblast
through the canal of Dnipro-Bug marshes and to the port in Kherson
through Kherson sea canal. The company controls the system of traffic
regulation, ensures functioning and servicing of the Dnipro-Bug marshes
and Kherson sea canals.
Myikolayiv is a powerful sea port not only in the oblast, but also in
Ukraine, where 3 sea and one river ports are functioning.
Myikolayiv sea trading port is an important transportation center in the
south. The port is connected with the Black sea by Bug-Dnipro marshes
canal of 79 km. length and stretching to Ochakiv. The admissible draught
in fresh water for that canal is 9.5 m., the admissible ship length is
215 m., its width 30 m. Ships with the length of about 187m are towed
along the canal. Navigation goes on all the year round. There are 14
berths in the port with the length of the berth line 3.3 thous. running
meters. They have railway connection, almost all of them are located
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