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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваOdesa Region (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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The coastline position of the region on the international border is

economically important. The wide outlet into the basin of the Azov and

the Black Seas and into large rivers (the Danube, the Don, the Dnieper,

and the Dniester) defines the advantages and transportation means. The

effective sea and river waterways allow the economic relations to extend

to Eastern and Central Europe (via the river Danube). Odessa sea port

and other ports of the region are situated at the junction of intensive

international sea and river transport connections; this defines a great

distribution potential of the ports. On the left bank of the lower

Danube and in the valley between the Kiliyskiy branch and the Dniester

estuary, there are situated freshwater lakes Kagul, Yalpug, Katlabuh,

and the salt lakes – Sassyk, Alibey, Burnas, Budatskos, Shagani; in the

eastern part, there are salt estuaries Khadjibeevskiy, Kuyalnitskiy

famous for their curative muds.


Odessa region is located in the far Southwest of Ukraine and borders on

Vinnitsa, Kirovograd, and Nikolaev regions, as well as on the countries

of Moldova and Romania. The region occupies the territory on the

Northwest Black Sea coast, from the river Danube delta to the

Tiligoulskiy estuary (300 kilometres of coastline), and 200-250

kilometres from the Black Sea to the north. Odessa region is largest in

Ukraine: its total area is 33,300 square kilometres (an approximate size

of Belgium or the Netherlands) which is about 5.5% of Ukraine's

territory. The capital city of the region is Odessa, situated on

terraced hills overlooking Odessa Bay, an inlet of the Black Sea that

forms a natural harbour. The city is among the largest ones in Ukraine;

it serves as the southern gateway of the state. It is an important

agricultural, transportation, industrial, scientific, cultural, and

resort centre, with a population of 1,022,000 (January the 1st, 2003).




The northern part of the region is situated in a forest-steppe zone; the

southern part is in a steppe zone. The average annual temperature varies

from +8.2°C (+46.8°F) in the north to +10.8°C (+51.4°F) in the south.

The vegetation season lasts 180 to 210 days. The average annual amount

of precipitation varies from 340 millimetres in the south to 460

millimetres in the north.


The city of Odessa has a relatively warm, dry climate, with January

temperatures averaging -2°C (28.4°F) and July temperatures, 22°C

(71.6°F). Annual precipitation totals 351 mm. The moderate climate and

coastal lagoons nearby have given rise to beach resorts famous for

therapeutic mud baths.


Odessa's reputation as a health resort dates back to the 1920's.

Therapeutic ingredients in the muds along with the mild climate and

beautiful beaches attracted vacationers and patients seeking a cure from

various ailments: from arthritis to tuberculosis to skin disorders.


Today numerous resorts, beauty spas, and sanatoriums dot a 50-mile

stretch of coast from the village of Fontanka north of Odessa to

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