Lebedivka to the south. They attract hundreds of thousands of
vacationers and medical patients yearly who seek health and beauty in
hydro and mud treatments.
Distinctive features of the regional natural resources are the
favourable climate, the sea, curative mud and salted water of the
estuaries, sand beaches, and mineral water springs. Along with
historical and cultural monuments, these resources form a great and
diversified recreational and spa resort potential.
Minerals discovered in the region and attracting practical interest
today are used as raw materials for construction. Mining of sea sands,
sandstone-shell mixture for industrial use, construction and agriculture
is carried out on the Black Sea shelf.
Odessa region employs intensive steppe agriculture and developed
irrigation network. The natural conditions are favourable for
cultivation of winter wheat, corn, barley, soy, millet, and sunflowers.
Gas. Natural gas is not mined on the territory of Odessa region. It is
estimated that the Black Sea holds some gas reserves. However, the
quantity is expected to be relatively small and the economic viability
of mining has not been proven.
Oil. There are no oil reserves in the vicinity of Odessa region. Crude
oil supplied mainly from Russia is processed at the Odessa oil refinery.
This dependency on Russia was strengthened in March 1999, with
Luk-Syntez Oil Ltd. winning the privatisation tender for 51.9 percent of
shares of stock in the joint-stock company Odessa Oil Refinery. Russian
companies Lukoil and Syntez Oil are founders of company Luk-Syntez Oil,
and thus have their interest in the Odessa refinery. The management of
its 96% stake in the refinery returns to Luk-Syntez Oil.
Coal. Coal reserves are insignificant in Odessa region. There are no
coal mines on its territory; all coal is imported from other regions.
The supply of coal, coal products, and other kinds of solid fuel such as
wood is performed by Oblpalivo, a public company owned by the Odessa
Regional State Administration. Supply is based on regional limits set
jointly by the Administration and Oblpalivo.
Water Supply. There is shortage of water in Odessa region due to the
natural conditions: the region has very limited underground and surface
water sources. The nearest major river to Odessa is the Dniester, some
30 km from Odessa. The river is the source of water for the city and a
number of communities nearby. The source of the Dniester river is on the
northern slope of the Carpathian mountains, some 1,220 km from the point
at which the river discharges to the Black Sea, through a liman (a
brackish lake formed by a river estuary which has become impartially
landlocked by a sand bar) located 37 km to the west of Odessa.
HISTORY AND CULTURE
The history of Odessa is deplete with numerous historical events, which
are captured in the names of the city's 1400 streets, squares,
prospects, boulevards, and historical and cultural monuments.
Numerous monuments of antiquity confirm the links between this territory
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