найбільша колекція україномовних рефератів

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реферати, курсові, дипломні:

Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваOdesa Region (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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sa to

Lebedivka to the south. They attract hundreds of thousands of

vacationers and medical patients yearly who seek health and beauty in

hydro and mud treatments.


Natural Resources


Distinctive features of the regional natural resources are the

favourable climate, the sea, curative mud and salted water of the

estuaries, sand beaches, and mineral water springs. Along with

historical and cultural monuments, these resources form a great and

diversified recreational and spa resort potential.


Minerals discovered in the region and attracting practical interest

today are used as raw materials for construction. Mining of sea sands,

sandstone-shell mixture for industrial use, construction and agriculture

is carried out on the Black Sea shelf.


Odessa region employs intensive steppe agriculture and developed

irrigation network. The natural conditions are favourable for

cultivation of winter wheat, corn, barley, soy, millet, and sunflowers.


Gas. Natural gas is not mined on the territory of Odessa region. It is

estimated that the Black Sea holds some gas reserves. However, the

quantity is expected to be relatively small and the economic viability

of mining has not been proven.


Oil. There are no oil reserves in the vicinity of Odessa region. Crude

oil supplied mainly from Russia is processed at the Odessa oil refinery.

This dependency on Russia was strengthened in March 1999, with

Luk-Syntez Oil Ltd. winning the privatisation tender for 51.9 percent of

shares of stock in the joint-stock company Odessa Oil Refinery. Russian

companies Lukoil and Syntez Oil are founders of company Luk-Syntez Oil,

and thus have their interest in the Odessa refinery. The management of

its 96% stake in the refinery returns to Luk-Syntez Oil.


Coal. Coal reserves are insignificant in Odessa region. There are no

coal mines on its territory; all coal is imported from other regions.

The supply of coal, coal products, and other kinds of solid fuel such as

wood is performed by Oblpalivo, a public company owned by the Odessa

Regional State Administration. Supply is based on regional limits set

jointly by the Administration and Oblpalivo.


Water Supply. There is shortage of water in Odessa region due to the

natural conditions: the region has very limited underground and surface

water sources. The nearest major river to Odessa is the Dniester, some

30 km from Odessa. The river is the source of water for the city and a

number of communities nearby. The source of the Dniester river is on the

northern slope of the Carpathian mountains, some 1,220 km from the point

at which the river discharges to the Black Sea, through a liman (a

brackish lake formed by a river estuary which has become impartially

landlocked by a sand bar) located 37 km to the west of Odessa.




The history of Odessa is deplete with numerous historical events, which

are captured in the names of the city's 1400 streets, squares,

prospects, boulevards, and historical and cultural monuments.


Numerous monuments of antiquity confirm the links between this territory

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