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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваOdesa Region (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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southern Ukraine made it Russia's

principal port for grain exports. Within a short period of time the

city, with its beautiful harbour on the Black Sea, has become "Ukraine's

southern window to Europe".


By its hundredth anniversary (1894), Odessa occupied the 4th place in

the Russian Empire in size and economic power – after Saint Petersburg,

Moscow, and Warsaw. Odessa inhibitors were noted for their wonderful

spirit of freedom, which allowed them to achieve great success in the

field of science, education and the arts.


Odessa’s cosmopolitan atmosphere can be attributed to its importance as

one of the major foreign trade ports and fishing fleet bases of the

region, with traffic to and from the countries of the Mediterranean

basin, Africa, Middle East, and Asia. The city’s dependence on the

industrialised waterfront gives it a large blue-collar population as

well as a reputation of a place where you can buy anything.


A diversified manufacturing centre, Odessa produces a wide range of

machinery and equipment, as well as chemicals. Shipyards and an oil

refinery are important to the economy. Food processing in flour mills,

stockyards, canneries, and sugar refineries is developed due to the

proximity to rich Ukrainian farmlands.


Odessa is a leading educational centre, the seat of Odessa State

University (founded in 1865), Odessa State Polytechnic University

(founded in 1918) and a number of specialised higher education

institutions. The Ukraine Experimental Institute for Eye Diseases and

Tissue Therapy is also situated in Odessa.


Odessa is renowned for its artistic and cultural life. The city has an

Opera and Ballet Theatre (claimed among the world-best architectural

monuments), a philharmonic hall, numerous museums and theatres, a public

library, and an astronomical observatory. Odessa is the site of the

oldest cinema studio in the former Soviet Union. The city has been a

centre for publishing numerous literary works.




Among the great cities of the world, Odessa can claim certain

distinctions. One of the major cities of contemporary Europe, Odessa,

officially founded in 1794, is among the youngest. No other European

city can match its growth rate in the 19th century. It also developed in

an area of the continent that has an ancient tradition of trade and a

long, though discontinuous, history of urban settlement.


Odessa is a city of contrasts. Its stately 19th century classical

architecture is set on orderly planned streets that are surrounded with

green space, giving the city an air of elegance. Strikingly ornate

buildings of the late 19th and early 20th century are reminiscent of

Right Bank Paris. It is also a seaport with boardwalks and bathing

beaches, a resort city with health spas. With its balmy climate, seaside

vistas and sandy beaches, and year round lively street life, Odessa has

an ambience more Mediterranean than Slavic. Odessa is a member of the

World Federation of Twinned Cities. Of all Ukrainian cities, it has been

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