s, it has been
twinned with the greatest number of cities around the world (17):
Alexandria (Egypt), Baltimore (USA), Calcutta (India), Genoa (Italy),
Haifa (Israel), Liverpool (Great Britain), Marseilles (France), Oulu
(Finland), Tripoli (Libya), Valencia (Spain), Vancouver (Canada),
Yokohama (Japan) and others.
Odessa is constantly hosting exhibits, symposia, and conferences. It is
the site of consulates and trade commissions of many countries, and
dozens of branches of friendship and cultural exchange societies are
active in the city.
Many roads lead to Odessa, for this city is hospitable, cheerful, and
picturesque. Every year many tourists visit Odessa, attracted by its
boulevards and Potyomkinsky stairs, beautiful beaches, numerous new
structures and the unusual architecture of old Odessa.
Odessa region consists of 26 rural districts, with 19 cities, 33 towns,
and 1,139 villages. On January 1, 2003, the population was 2,448,200
Odessa region has a much more mixed population in terms of nationality,
compared to other regions in Ukraine. 133 nationalities reside here, and
non-Ukrainian inhabitants make up more than 37% of the regional
population. The main national groups are: Ukrainians (62.8%), Russians
(20.7%), Bulgarians (6.1%), Moldovians (5.0%), Jews (0.6%), Gagausians
(1.1%), Belorussians (0.5%), Poles (0.1%), Armenians (0.3%), Gypsies
(0.2%), Tatars (0.1%), and Germans (0.1%). The greatest diversity in the
national composition is observed in the South-Western part of the region
between the Dniester and the Danube, where only 40.2% are Ukrainians.
ECONOMY AND INVESTMENT POLICY
The Odessa Region is considered as one of the most advanced regions of
Ukraine obtaining foreign investments of different kinds; the total sum
of the above mentioned investments is US $ 325.7 millions, the main part
of this sum are the direct foreign investments – US $ 289.3 millions
(88.8 % of total value), which are invested into 562 regional
Portfolio investments (35 enterprises) are US $ 5 millions (1.5 %),
other foreign investments (14enterprises) are provided as financial
leasing, cash currency short, and long-term loans – US $ 31.4 millions
79 enterprises of Odessa Region obtained in 2002 investments of sum US $
91.1 millions. It makes 1.6 times more as compared in 2001.
Simultaneously US $ 29.6 millions have been taken off.
In general the value of foreign investments to the regional economics
increased in 2002 by US $ 61.5 millions; it makes 1.8 more as compared
with 2001 (US $ 33.5 millions). The main methods of making investments
in 2002 were equipment and real estate (US $ 27.3 million) plus finance
payments (US $ 36.5 millions).
Today the founders of regional foreign investment enterprises are
companies from 63 foreign countries. The leading position of foreign
direct investments to regional economy hold Virgin Irelands (Great
Britain) – US $ 62.4 millions (it makes 21.6 % of total direct
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