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НазваPoltava Region (реферат)
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РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
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Poltava region is one of the leading regions of Ukraine according to

the majority of indexes.

 

Since the creation of Poltava guberniya (province) in 1802, our region

developed as a complex. Economically, in XVII-XIX centuries, this

territory was the centre of chumachestvo, which played a significant

role during initial accumulation of the capital.

 

 

 

ХІХ century Poltava region becomes one of the significant centres of

zemskoye movement, which and today can be an example of

self-governement.

 

 

 

In the beginning of the ХХ century the region was repeatedly shaken with

peasants rebellions and the ardent word of the defender of human rights

Vladimir Korolenko was united with revolutionary and national appeals of

many outstanding public figures.

 

The contribution of people, born in Poltava region, in the treasury of

national and world culture is invaluable. Poltava region is the native

land of the philosopher of world fame – Hrihoriy Skovoroda, of the

founder of the Ukrainian literature Ivan Kotlyarevskiy, and of many

other figures of science and culture.

 

 

 

ХХ century Poltava region gave Ukraine the pioneer of the rocket theory

and rocket building Uriy Kondratuk, designers of rocket machinery Uriy

Pobedonostev and designer of tanks Mikola Dukhov, writers and poets Оles

Honchar, Uriy Dold-Mikhailik, Pavlo Zagrebelniy, Vasyl Simonenko,

Olexandre Коvinka, composers brothers Маiboroda, Isaac Dunaevskiy,

Olexandre Bilash and many other outstanding figures.

 

 

 

The size of its territory, 28,8 ths.sq.km. puts Poltava region in the

seventh place in Ukraine, it exceeds territories of more than 50 states

of the world, it shares borders with Chernihiv region and Sumy region in

the north , with Kharkiv region in the east , with Dnipropetrovsk region

and Kirovohrad region in the south, with Kyiv and Cherkassy regions in

the west.

 

 

 

The population of Poltava region is 1.609 thousand people, as of the

beginning of the year 2001. Caracteristically, 41 percent of the

population live in villages.

 

 

 

The administrative structure of the region comprises 25 districts, 5

cities of the regional submission, 10 cities of district submission, 21

settlements, 467 village councils, in total there are – 1848 cities,

towns, villages and settlements.

 

 

 

The region is situated in forest and steppe zone. Forests cover 7.4 % of

the territory; soils are – mainly chernozem (blackearth).

 

 

 

The regional centre – the city of Poltava, there live 315 thousand

people.

 

 

 

Коmsomolsk – 54,4, Мirhorоd – 42,4 thousand people.

 

 

 

Economic potential

 

Poltava region is known by the production of iron ore, the production

and processing of oil and gas, manufacture of lorries, diamond tools,

turbines, knitted wear, leather footwear, refined clothes, grains,

sugar, vegetable oil, confectionery products and the like. Mineral water

from Мirhorod district is loved in all country. Agricultural production

of the region is consumed in Ukraine, and is exported.

 

 

 

5 percent of industrial and agricultural production of Ukraine region.

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