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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваPoltava Region (реферат)
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РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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reached level of the output of hydrocarbons and further rising of

the output depend on annual increase of prospected deposits in volumes

that are not less than the output.

 

 

 

Regional specialists of geological prospecting were leaders in the field

of very deep drilling. By the volume of works in the field, Poltava

region is among international leaders. It made it possible to prospect

deposits of hydrocarbons at a depth of 5-6 thousand metres. By the way,

the deepest bore-hole (6750 metres) is situated at East-Poltava oil

field; on the outskirts of Poltava. There are 72 oil and gas fields

under exploitation in total in the region. Oil and gas are extracted in

20 districts of the region.

 

 

 

Oil and gas processing

 

Close joint stock company of the transnational financial and industrial

company «Ukrtatnafta» – Kremenchuk oil-processing plant – is one of the

biggest oil-processing plants of Ukraine.Its main commodities are

 

? car petrols and diesel fuels;

 

? engine, industrial, and transmission lubricants;

 

? road and construction bitumens, furnace mazuts;

 

? gas for communal needs;

 

? technical sulphur.

 

 

 

In total, the plant produces more than 80 types of oil-related products.

 

 

 

 

 

 

GREAT IMPORTANCE OF THE AGRICULTURE

 

 

 

The agriculture is the base of the industrial and agricultural complex.

It is characterized by developed production of grains, milk, and

industrial crops.

 

 

 

Farms have been reformed on the basis of reforming types of

ownership.640 enterprises of different ownerships operate in the

industrial complex today. Nearly 2 mn. hectares of land are used for

agricultural production, 1,5 mn. of it is arable land. Soil is mainly

chernozem; it covers 90% of land. Farmers of the region grow more than

20 types of cereals, rear 8 kinds of animals and poultry.

 

 

 

The number of private farms grows in last years. 87,3 ths. hectares of

agricultural holdings are assigned to them.84,7 ths. hectares of it are

arable land.57,4 hectares of arable land are assigned to a farm on an

average. Every year farmers gain experience in commodities production.

Stock-breeding is a traditional branch in Poltava region. There are

508,6 thousand cattle, 230,8 thousand cows included, nearly 411 thousand

pigs and 69 thousand goats and sheeps, about 6 mn. poultry in all types

of farms (private sector included). There is one of the biggest pedigree

bases of Ukraine in Poltava region.30 farms of pedigree cattle and 35

breeding farms for pigs of white and of Mirhorod breeds. Stud-horse

breeding is in ascent. Horses from Dybrova stud farm are known by its

records in foreign countries.

 

 

 

 

 

BUILDING

 

 

 

Every year in the region new industrial capacities are put into

operation, new installations of social sphere are built, new

installations of gas are laid, cities, towns and villages improvements

are carried out, as well as building and repairs of roads.

 

 

 

Building branch of the region is represented by 250 building companies

and 10 managing organisations, 22,8 thousand people work in the branch.

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