reached level of the output of hydrocarbons and further rising of
the output depend on annual increase of prospected deposits in volumes
that are not less than the output.
Regional specialists of geological prospecting were leaders in the field
of very deep drilling. By the volume of works in the field, Poltava
region is among international leaders. It made it possible to prospect
deposits of hydrocarbons at a depth of 5-6 thousand metres. By the way,
the deepest bore-hole (6750 metres) is situated at East-Poltava oil
field; on the outskirts of Poltava. There are 72 oil and gas fields
under exploitation in total in the region. Oil and gas are extracted in
20 districts of the region.
Oil and gas processing
Close joint stock company of the transnational financial and industrial
company «Ukrtatnafta» – Kremenchuk oil-processing plant – is one of the
biggest oil-processing plants of Ukraine.Its main commodities are
? car petrols and diesel fuels;
? engine, industrial, and transmission lubricants;
? road and construction bitumens, furnace mazuts;
? gas for communal needs;
? technical sulphur.
In total, the plant produces more than 80 types of oil-related products.
GREAT IMPORTANCE OF THE AGRICULTURE
The agriculture is the base of the industrial and agricultural complex.
It is characterized by developed production of grains, milk, and
Farms have been reformed on the basis of reforming types of
ownership.640 enterprises of different ownerships operate in the
industrial complex today. Nearly 2 mn. hectares of land are used for
agricultural production, 1,5 mn. of it is arable land. Soil is mainly
chernozem; it covers 90% of land. Farmers of the region grow more than
20 types of cereals, rear 8 kinds of animals and poultry.
The number of private farms grows in last years. 87,3 ths. hectares of
agricultural holdings are assigned to them.84,7 ths. hectares of it are
arable land.57,4 hectares of arable land are assigned to a farm on an
average. Every year farmers gain experience in commodities production.
Stock-breeding is a traditional branch in Poltava region. There are
508,6 thousand cattle, 230,8 thousand cows included, nearly 411 thousand
pigs and 69 thousand goats and sheeps, about 6 mn. poultry in all types
of farms (private sector included). There is one of the biggest pedigree
bases of Ukraine in Poltava region.30 farms of pedigree cattle and 35
breeding farms for pigs of white and of Mirhorod breeds. Stud-horse
breeding is in ascent. Horses from Dybrova stud farm are known by its
records in foreign countries.
Every year in the region new industrial capacities are put into
operation, new installations of social sphere are built, new
installations of gas are laid, cities, towns and villages improvements
are carried out, as well as building and repairs of roads.
Building branch of the region is represented by 250 building companies
and 10 managing organisations, 22,8 thousand people work in the branch.
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