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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваSevastopol City (реферат)
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РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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The history of Sevastopol had begun many ages ago. In 4-5 BC, a little

village had been settled in ancient Tavrida, and gradually it turned

into the prosperous and rich town “Khersones”. In 988 Kievan Prince

Vladimir with his army seized Khersones, and it was here, according to

the legend, that he became Christian.

 

The founders of Slavic alphabet “Cyrilitsa” Ciril and Mephody had been

here.

 

In 15 century AD, Khersones ceased its existence after it was ruined by

wars.

 

3 June 1783, 4 first stone buildings established the city of Sevastopol

(Greek origin – honorable, worthy of worship).

 

In July 1873 the State Duma had discharged the city with additional

territory, together with Khersones peninsula and Severnaya bay WW as

separate entity. In July 1890 the city was proclaimed to be the military

base and chief base of Black Sea fleet.

 

Since 1 December 1995, Cabinet of Ministers of the Ukraine had canceled

the controlled traverse in Sevastopol. The city became unrestricted for

tourism and commerce.

 

GENERAL DATA OF THE CITY

 

Square

 

1100 km2, which consists 0,143% of Ukraine’s territory:

 

- 864 km – land:

 

- 12% – are inhabited;

 

- 38% – agricultural zone;

 

- 50% – timber and mountains;

 

- 236 km2 – aquaterritory;

 

- 57 km2 – are occupied by military units of both fleets.

 

Distance from Sevastopol to Kiev:

 

- railway – 948 km;

 

- macadamized road – 1100 km.

 

Geographical data

 

The city is situated on the south-western cost of Crimean Peninsula;

average temperature +12°C; the record of maximum temperatures: in summer

+38°C, in winter -22°C. Annual rain for the period of 2001 – 473,9

mm/year.

 

Frontiers

 

Sevastopol borders on Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the frontier goes

through the city territory. It is 152 km long (marine line).

 

Administrative-territorial units

 

The number of districts – 4: Leninskiy, Nachimovskiy, Balaklavskiy,

Gagarinskiy.

 

The number of cities under district subordination – 1: Inkerman.

 

The number of villages – 29.

 

Local State administrations

 

City State administration –1;

 

District State administrations – 4.

 

Local Councils

 

General quantity of Councils – 11, quantity of deputies – 366 persons:

 

- City Council – 1(75 persons);

 

- City Councils under district subordination – 1 (25 deputies);

 

- District Councils in the city – 4 (156 deputies);

 

Village Councils – 1 (25 deputies);

 

Countries Councils – 4 (85 deputies).

 

Population – 379500 persons

 

- urban population – 358100 persons (94%);

 

- village population – 21400 persons (6%);

 

- male – 46,0%;

 

- female – 54%.

 

Pensioners (of the Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of Domestic

Affaires, the Security Service of the Ukraine and the National Guards) –

111200 persons (29%):

 

- because of age – 69000 (17%);

 

- disabled – 11000 (2%).

 

Density of the population per 1 km2 – 439 persons

 

- birth-rate (per 1000 persons)(01.01.2003) – 2,8 persons;

 

- death-rate (per 1000 persons)(01.01.2003) – 4,1 persons.

 

Employment

 

Labour resources – 250000 persons (66%);

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