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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваSumy Region (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Sumy region is situated in the North East of Ukraine and is adjacent on

the North and East to the Russian Federation region of Bryansk, Kursk

and Belgorod.


The region shares a national border with Russia that is 498 kilometers

in length. On this border, there are three customs check points for

railroad transport (Volfino, Pushcarnoe and Zernovo) and five automobile

check points (Bachevsk, Katherinovka, Ryzhevka, Yunakovka and Velyka



From the South, South East and West, Sumy region borders upon the

Kharkiv, Poltava and Chernigiv regions of Ukraine. The distance from

Sumy to Ukraine's capital city, Kyiv, is 350 kilometres away by train

and 359 kilometres away by the most efficient road connection.


The total geographic area of the region equals 23,880 square kilometers.



The topographic nature of the region and the availability of large

tracts of undeveloped land-space allow it to expeditiously and

effectively deal with any development proposal, no matter what it needs

for immediate use and growth potential.


Sumy region belongs to the Dnipro river basin and its hydrographic

network is relatively dense, one kilometer of river per five square

kilometers of land area. The total length of rivers in Sumy region is

5,400 kilometers. In addition, there are 33 large lakes and more than

1600 ponds and water storage impoundment with a total amount of almost

130 million cubic meters of water capacity. The surface water area of

Sumy region comprises 4.7 percent of the total inland surface water of

whole Ukraine. Because of the large water capacity and the lack of

pollutants in Sumy waters, it is possible to meet both the potable water

needs of the region's population while also providing an almost

inexhaustible supply of water for industrial processing and other needs.



The region's forest area totals some what 448,500 hectares. There is

enough soil and weather diversity in the region so that there are wide

variations in the available forest products types ranging from products

suitable for paper producing all the way to the hardwoods for furniture

making and other similar needs. Thus, furniture manufacturers with an

interest in development in this region would find that they could meet

almost all of their forest product needs within the region itself with

minimum haulage costs.


Within the region's system of land reservation, there are 182 reserved

places and objects totaling about 156,000 hectares. This includes

national nature parks, monument parks, and some limited areas

specifically reserved because of the nature of rare trees within their

confines. The entire reserved and protected forest areas total about 6.5

percent of total region land area.


In a number of cases, the implementation of projects that might have led

to further ecological degradation has been avoided by concerted actions

of the population and the government. The positive nature of the region

ecological situation is demonstrated by the following.


The region has available 294 deposits containing 21 different kinds of

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