The Ternopil region is a developed agricultural and industrial area of
Ukraine. Significant natural and labour resources, the concentration of
processing industry (sugar, alcohol, tinned vegetables and fruits),
geographical location at the crossing-point of important transport
routes from the Eastern to the Central and Western Europe notify the
region as an area with good opportunities of doing business.
A large number of the enterprises, which promise to be profitable and
favourable enough for capital investment, are located in the Ternopil
region. Because of the lack of investment resources in Ukraine, the
Ternopil region is deeply interested in attracting foreign investments.
At present, the largest necessity is in implementation of new
technologies, modern methods of management, infrastructure development,
free market economy experience and practice.
Orientation in economic policy, laws, business environment of the
country, understanding social-cultural traditions, the leading ideas,
mentality of the nation are the key success factors in developing new
THE TERNOPIL REGION IN CONTEXT OF THE HISTORY OF UKRAINE
The Ternopil region together with Lviv and Ivano-Frankivsk regions is a
part of historical territory, named Halychyna. This Western-Ukrainian
region due to some political events in Ukrainian history which led to
division of Ukrainian lands, since the 14th century was under the power
of Poland, Lithuania (1349-1772), Austria (1772-1918), Russia
(1809-1815), Poland (1918-1939), Soviet Empire (1939-1991).
But the historical difficulties didn’t assimilate but, on the contrary,
stimulated the spiritual activity in the region, notifying it by keeping
the language and cultural traditions, religion and national identity.
The Ternopil region – is an ancient area of pre-Slav settlements. The
traces of man’s staying on this territory go back to the era of early
paleolit (over 100000 years ago). Eastern Slavs who lived on the present
territory of Ukraine, in the 4th century A.D. formed the large unity of
tribes known by the name of Anty. The most widely accepted idea about
the roots of Ukrainians is that they originated from Anty.
In the 9th century the Eastern Slav lands were united into one state –
Kyivan Rus, which was a strong country of the Medieval Europe. The
following data are presented about the density of population at that
time: in the 10th-13th centuries there were 300 ancient Rusian towns and
sites, more than 100 necropolises. At the end of the 11th century there
appeared the following separate principalities: Terebovlianske and
Shumske which were later united into one, named Halytsko-Volynske
principality. The towns of Terebovlia and Shumsk became important
political, economic and cultural centres. Favourable geographic
position, climate, fertile soils, convenient transport routes and water
arteries (the rivers of Dnister and Seret) contributed to the
development of residential sites, especially of the village type.
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