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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваTernopil Region (реферат)
Автор
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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The Ternopil region is a developed agricultural and industrial area of

Ukraine. Significant natural and labour resources, the concentration of

processing industry (sugar, alcohol, tinned vegetables and fruits),

geographical location at the crossing-point of important transport

routes from the Eastern to the Central and Western Europe notify the

region as an area with good opportunities of doing business.

 

A large number of the enterprises, which promise to be profitable and

favourable enough for capital investment, are located in the Ternopil

region. Because of the lack of investment resources in Ukraine, the

Ternopil region is deeply interested in attracting foreign investments.

At present, the largest necessity is in implementation of new

technologies, modern methods of management, infrastructure development,

free market economy experience and practice.

 

Orientation in economic policy, laws, business environment of the

country, understanding social-cultural traditions, the leading ideas,

mentality of the nation are the key success factors in developing new

markets.

 

THE TERNOPIL REGION IN CONTEXT OF THE HISTORY OF UKRAINE

 

The Ternopil region together with Lviv and Ivano-Frankivsk regions is a

part of historical territory, named Halychyna. This Western-Ukrainian

region due to some political events in Ukrainian history which led to

division of Ukrainian lands, since the 14th century was under the power

of Poland, Lithuania (1349-1772), Austria (1772-1918), Russia

(1809-1815), Poland (1918-1939), Soviet Empire (1939-1991).

 

But the historical difficulties didn’t assimilate but, on the contrary,

stimulated the spiritual activity in the region, notifying it by keeping

the language and cultural traditions, religion and national identity.

 

The Ternopil region – is an ancient area of pre-Slav settlements. The

traces of man’s staying on this territory go back to the era of early

paleolit (over 100000 years ago). Eastern Slavs who lived on the present

territory of Ukraine, in the 4th century A.D. formed the large unity of

tribes known by the name of Anty. The most widely accepted idea about

the roots of Ukrainians is that they originated from Anty.

 

In the 9th century the Eastern Slav lands were united into one state –

Kyivan Rus, which was a strong country of the Medieval Europe. The

following data are presented about the density of population at that

time: in the 10th-13th centuries there were 300 ancient Rusian towns and

sites, more than 100 necropolises. At the end of the 11th century there

appeared the following separate principalities: Terebovlianske and

Shumske which were later united into one, named Halytsko-Volynske

principality. The towns of Terebovlia and Shumsk became important

political, economic and cultural centres. Favourable geographic

position, climate, fertile soils, convenient transport routes and water

arteries (the rivers of Dnister and Seret) contributed to the

development of residential sites, especially of the village type.

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