aughterhouses and the enterprises of hide processing, soap, tobacco,
bricks, tiles, wagons and wheel manufacturing also were active at that
time. Among 623 enterprises producing commodity for the population, 250
of them were small, employing 5 or less persons. The railway route
building that started at the end of the 19th century was of great
importance for the economic development of the region. In 1939 on the
territory of the Ternopil region there were 1700 enterprises, employing
Having survived the ruins of the Second World War, the Ternopil region
developed its agrarian-industrial potential during the afterwar years.
New branches of industry appeared: machine-building, chemical, equipment
producing, building materials, etc. Appearing from ruins the city of the
Ternopil became one of the industrial and cultural centres of Ukraine.
New reality, with the proclamation of the Independence in Ukraine,
determines the direction of changes, which lead to democracy, market,
and state forming. We have to find our own way of development, being
supported by the historical experience of many ages.
GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE TERNOPIL REGION
The Ternopil region occupies the Western part of Podil plateau,
bordering on Rivne region to the North, on Chernivtsi region to the
South, on Ivano-Frankivsk region to the south-west, on Lviv region to
the West. The Ternopil region is situated near the border of Ukraine
with Poland, Slovakia, Hungary and Romania.
The region reminds the triangle, it stretches from the North to the
South for 195 km, and from the West to the East for 129 km.
The climate of the region is moderately continental with warm, damp
summer and gentle winter. Average temperatures range from -5°C in
January to +19°C in July. Average annual rainfall is 520-600 mm.
The region covers an area of 13,8 thousand km2, which makes 2,3% of the
territory of Ukraine. The population in the region amounts to 1142. The
majority of the population in the Ternopil region lives in the villages
As an administrative territorial region, the Ternopil region is divided
into 17 administrative districts. There are 16 cities, 19 settlements of
an urban type and 1013 villages in the Ternopil region.
The administrative centre of the region is the city of Ternopil with
about 228 000 inhabitants.
THE STOCKS OF NATURAL RESOURCES
Land resources are the main treasures of the Ternopil region. On the
soil surface the black and grey ashed soils prevail which belong to the
group of the most fertile soils in the world. The large part of fertile
soils and the plainness of the territory largely stipulate a structure
of an economic complex in the area and its specialisation.
The level of development of land resources is rather high. Of the
general area of land fund, which makes 1382,4 thousand hectares, 85%
constitute the lands, which are used for providing agricultural
business. The main part of these lands is allocated under agricultural
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