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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваTernopil Region (реферат)
Автор
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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y used for high-quality roadway building

and as facing material.

 

There are also significant deposits of sand. The deposits of

quartz-glaukonit sand are also found, which is the raw material for

glass manufacturing.

 

The deposits of chalk, being available in the region, are considered to

be rather rare (in Ukraine only 3 deposits are known). They lie very

close to the surface (to 10 m) and are rather thick which allows

extracting them in the open air. Chalk is used in mixed feed production,

for whitewashing of soils, for chalk-pencil production, for paper

manufacturing, in lacquer-dye and pharmaceutical industries.

 

Potential stocks of gypsum on the regional territory are valued by

dozens of millions of tonnes. In general, more than 20 deposits of it

are known, the thickness of layers of which is about 20-25 m. By the

occurrence and stock conditions the working on these deposits is

possible for a long period of time and in large scale. The gypsum is

applied to in agriculture (for soil gypsuming), in medicine, in paper,

chemical and cement branches of industry. But in spite of the large

stocks, gypsum is not produced and used in manufacture sufficiently.

 

The peatbogs are of great industrial significance in the Ternopil

region. About 50 deposits are known in amount of about 7,7 million

tonnes of peat.

 

Among the non-ore economic minerals, the phosphorus can be found in

small amounts on the territory of the region, which are used as mineral

fertiliser, and bentonit clays of high quality are also found and used

as adsorbing material.

 

Recreational resources

 

More than 200 thousand hectares of the landscape territory of the region

(15% of the whole area) are of recreational significance.

 

The main natural units for excursions are Tovtrovy ridge, Kremenets

mountains, Dnistrovsky kanion, karst caves. A lot of holiday hotels,

tourist hotels, guesthouses are at tourists’ disposal.

 

Large stocks of mineral medicinal waters are located in the region,

which may be used for treatment of internal organs, the organs of

support-moving apparatus and other diseases. The wells of hydrocarbon,

hydrogen sulphide and sulphate waters are also found on the territory of

the Ternopil region.

 

The Ternopil region is an agrarian-industrial area. Its location in the

Western part of the Rightbank of the partially wooded steppe – in the

area with fertile soils and good damp – contributes to the development

of agriculture. Its location (near the Lviv-Volyn coalfield and

industrial area of Prykarpattia) also contributes to the development of

different branches of industrial production. Region's location in the

area with high population density determines the prevailing of labour

consuming branches of economy.

 

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF ECONOMY

 

The most important industries include:

 

- food industry;

 

- machine-building and metal processing;

 

- light industry;

 

- the industry of building materials;

 

- flour and cereals industry;

 

- wood processing industry.

 

Food industry, which processes agricultural raw materials, is the

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