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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваVolyn Region (реферат)
Автор
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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The Volyn oblast is located in the north-western part of Ukraine within

the geographical area called the Ukrainian Polissia. The oblast borders

to Poland in the west, Belarus to the north, Rivne and Lviv oblasts of

Ukraine to the east and south.

 

 

 

The area of the oblast is 20,200 square kilometres (3,3% of total

Ukraine’s territory) and stretches for 187 kilometres from north to

south and for 163 kilometres from east to west.

 

 

 

The population of oblast comprises 1,054,700 people (2.2% of total

population of Ukraine). More than a half – 50.3 per cent are urban

dwellers and 49.7 per cent reside in the countryside. The average

population density is 52.5 persons per a square kilometre.

 

HISTORY

 

Volyn is an ancient Rus historic region in the basin of the picturesque

southern tributaries of the Prypiat River and the upper reaches of the

Western (Zakhidny) Bug River. According to one of the hypotheses, this

land was named after an Eastern Slavic tribe that lived near this river

and founded the town of Velyn.

 

 

 

In 981 Prince Volodymyr Svyatoslavovych made the Volyn region a part of

the Kyiv state, and in 988 he let Vsevolod, his son, rule it. It was

under his rule that the town of Volodymyr was created which became the

capital of the Galytsko-Volynske princedom in the 12th century, after

the Kyivska Rus collapse.

 

 

 

In the middle of the 14th century, the Volyn region got under the

dominion of the feudal Lithuania. By the Lublin Union of 1569, Poland

and the Grand Lithuanian princedom were united into one state – Rich

Pospolyta that comprised the Volyn region. The tsar’s edict of 1797

created the Volyn province instead of the Volyn region ruled by the

governor-general.

 

 

 

According to Riga Treaty of 1921 the western parts of the Volyn region

passed to Poland. During the 20th century the historic Volyn lands had

been under the dominion of Austria and Hungary, Poland and Germany until

they were finally divided between four oblasts of Ukraine.

 

 

 

Early in December 1939, the Volyn region became a part of the Ukrainian

Soviet Socialist Republic, and since August 1991 it has been an integral

part of the independent state Ukraine.

 

ECONOMIC STRUCTURE

 

The leading branch of the regional economy is an agro-industrial sector

which ensures nearly half of the oblast gross product. Local agriculture

specializes in meat and dairy cattle breeding; crops, sugar beets,

vegetables and potato growing. New economic relations based on private

ownership for land and properties have been introduced in agriculture.

Almost 100 per cent of agricultural output is ensured by private sector.

 

 

 

 

167 enterprises are working in an industrial sector. The leading are

food, machine building, fuel, chemical and building materials

industries. The largest share in the total oblast industrial output

belongs to food industry – 58.9 per cent. Local enterprises produce

control devices, bearings, machinery for cattle breeding and fodder

making, plastics, fabrics, linoleum, soft roofing materials, building

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