re 9429 streams and rivers, 137
natural lakes. Almost one quarter of the hydro-energetic potential of
Ukraine is concentrated on the rivers, which gives numerous
possibilities for the development of small hydro-energetic enterprises.
Zakarpattya is an active member of the Carpathian Euroregion – the
inter-regional association of frontier lands of Ukraine, Poland,
Slovakia, Hungary and Romania. In the oblast there is a well-developed
frontier infrastructure: 17 check-points, of which 17 are railway
check-points, 6 are international car check-points, 1 is an
international air check-point and 3 are points of simplified entrance.
HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL HERITAGE OF ZAKARPATTYA
The territory of Zakarpattya has been inhabited since the ancient times.
The first record of people living there belongs to the epoch of early
Paleolith (around 500 thousand years BC).
Among archeological landmarks of the first half of the first millenium
AD the most famous are the Carpathian burial mounds. Scientists have
determined that the mounds were left by the ancestors of the Slavonic
tribe of White Croats.
Zakarpattya is a land of a complicated historic past. In the 9th and
10th centuries, the territory of Zakarpattya was a part of Kyivan Rus.
Between the 11th and 13th centuries and up to the 20th century it was a
part of Hungary and Austro-Hungarian Empire. In 1918-1919 the oblast
constituted a part of Hungary, in 1919-1939 under the name
“Sub-Carpathian Rus” it was a part of Czech Republic, and in 1939-1944
it was included into Hungary again.
The liberation of Zakarpattya in October 1944 and its reunification with
the Soviet Ukraine became a new page in the history of this land. From
August of 1991 Zakarpattya oblast is an inseparable part of the
In total, in the oblast there are 1817 historical, cultural and art
landmarks, of which 496 are archaeological ones, 1273 are historical
ones and 48 are artistic ones.
THE MODERN STATE OF INVESTMENT COLLABORATION
The analysis of the economy conditions in the oblast during the last
several years leads to the conclusion that one of the realizable ways of
its reanimation and the development of productive forces of the region
is the attraction of investments.
The improvement of investment climate in our area has been reached
thanks to the passing of the Law of Ukraine “About the Special
Regulations of Investments Activity in Zakarpattya oblast” and the Law
of Ukraine “About the Creation of Special Economic Zone of Zakarpattya”.
The special regulations of the investment activity presupposes the
establishment of tax and customs privileges for the participants of
business activity, who have signed an agreement concerning the
realization of the investment project with local administrative
The priorities for investments will remain timber industry complex,
light industry, electric power industry, agrarian and recreational
complexes, other branches closely connected with the ecessities of life
 1