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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваZaporizhzhya Region (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Zaporizhzhya is the history by itself. Only here you may be imbued by

the spirit of irrepressible Dnipro river, sweet air of Cossack’s liberty

and respect to the giant oak’s strength. This land awarded heroes, whose

deeds were described in songs and legends.


Zaporizhzhya has never been outside of the Ukrainian history. From the

time beginning it has been standing on the legendary trade way «from

Varangians to Greeks» that greatly influenced over the formation of

truly internationalism, welcome and warmth of its people.


We are happy to present our region, not only as an original historical

pearl of Ukraine and cradle of the first democratic republic in the

world formed by Zaporizhzhya Cossacks, but also as a one of the main

Ukrainian centers of economic, technology and intellectual potential



Today Zaporizhzhya is a region of inexhaustible human, economic and

scientific potential. We believe that our region will continue to be one

of the sources of the further development of the young independent





Zaporizhzhya region has favorable economic and geographical situation.

It is situated in the south-east of Ukraine. It’s neighbors are Kherson,

Dnipropetrovs’k and Donets’k regions. The southern borders of the region

are washed by the Azov Sea with its coastline of more than 300 km.


The area of Zaporizhzhya region is 27,200 sq. km, i.e. 4.5% of the

Ukrainian territory. It stretches for 208 km. from the north to the

south and 235 km. from the east to the west. The distance from

Zaporizhzhya to the capital of Ukraine Kyiv-city is 715 km by railway

and 618 km by motorways.


Zaporizhzhya region is conditionally separated by three natural and

agricultural areas: steppe area (50,8%), droughty steppe area (34,8%)

and dry steppe area (14.4%).


Climate conditions of Zaporizhzhya region are favorable for growing of

practically all kinds of agricultural cultures and let to get great



The climate is moderate-continental and is characterized by the clear

defined droughty. The average annual temperatures are: summer +22°C,

winter -4,5°C. The average number of sunny days is 225; the average

annual precipitation level is 448 mm. Such climatic conditions are

favourable for the development of agriculture, health resorts and



The region is mostly plain. The soils are predominantly fertile «black

earth» varieties. Natural resources are rich and varied. Rich sources of

iron and manganese ores, granites are concentrated in the region. The

share of the region in total Ukrainian stocks of mineral raw materials

is: pegmatite – 88,06%, apatite – 63,42%, manganese ore – 69,1%,

secondary kaolin – 22,9%, fireclay – 8,6%.


Through the territory of the region flow 109 rivers, including important

Ukrainian transport artery the Dniprо river which is third biggest river

in Europe. The Dnipro river and a number of its reservoirs supply the

industry with water.


The population of the region is 2004800 inhabitants, i.e. 4,0% of the

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