which positively influences the growth of regional economy. Its progress
leads to the elimination of disproportions in some markets, creation of
additional workplaces and reduction of unemployment. Its development
also enforces the competition, fastens the saturation of the market with
goods and services.
During years region had formed favorable trend for development of
There are 8.5 thousands of small enterprises operating in the region,
which provide 14% of all regional workplaces.
Among small-sized business enterprises with personnel up to 10 persons
prevail and make 75% of total number of small enterprises.
Their total volume of product and services in 2001 reached 5,1% of total
volume of product and services produced in the region. The production
volume growth rate is 128,8% (in current prices). In some branches the
share of small-sized enterprises in the volume of production is much
There are very few changes in branch distribution of the small-sized
enterprises: more than the half of them operate in the sphere of trade
and servicing, 15% – industry, 10,2% – construction, 3,6% – agriculture,
3,2% – transportation and communication business.
Almost 65% of all the small-sized enterprises have joint ownership, 35%
Accept for legal persons almost 62000 entrepreneurs operate in the
small-sized business. The majority of the businessmen – physical persons
– operate in the markets, the number of the businessmen, who provide
services (repairing of home appliances, custom repairing, shoe-making)
is also increasing.
During agriculture complex reforming many inhabitants which were granted
by the land lot choose farming as a form of operating. There are 2.35
thousands of farmers operating in the region.
By January 1, 2001 the number of the constant population of the region
made 1976,1 thousands people, i.e. 1510,9 thousands of townsmen, and
465,2 thousands of villagers. During previous year population decreased
by 20900 persons (urban population decreased by 15700 people and rural
population – by 5200 people).
1166.4 thousands people (59% of total population) – are in able-bodied
age, 352.4 thousands (17.8%) – are younger, 457.3 thousand (23.2%) – are
retired. 79.5% of able-bodied population are townsmen, 20.5% are
Of every one hundred of working people 60 are women, 17 – young people,
aged 16-28; 15 are retired.
In 2000 146.3 thousands people (24.6% of the workers employed in the
economy) left their workplaces for various reasons, including 9.8
thousands (1.7%) that were dismissed because of staff reduction. After
this 120.1 thousands of workers (20.2%) got jobs at other enterprises
and organizations, the rest (26.2 thousands people) became self-employed
or became unemployed.
As well as in the previous years, the high mobility of the staff is
observed mainly in industrial branches. In 2001 the process of
structural redistribution of employment of the population between
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