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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваZhytomyr Region (реферат)
Автор
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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rincipality and Poland into a federative state, the

territory of Zhytomyr Region as a part of Right-Bank Ukraine fell under

the rule of Poland.

 

After Third division of Poland (1795) a greater part of the territory of

the region was included in structure of Volyn province, which centre

since 1804 became Zhytomyr.

 

The region was founded in September 22, 1937. It is located in the

central part of the East European plain, in the north of Right-Bank

Ukraine. The area of the region is 29,9 thousand square kilometers, that

makes 4,9 % of the territory of Ukraine. By its sizes the region is one

of the largest in Ukraine and yields only to four regions: Odessa,

Dnipropetrovsk, Chernihiv and Kharkiv. Its area is larger than that of

Armenia, Albania, Israel, Cyprus, Lebanon. Generally in Ukraine it

occupies the 5th place.

 

The length of the region from west to east is 170 km, from north to

south – 230 km. It is located in two natural zones. Its northern part is

in Polissya zone , southern one is within Forest-steppe zone.

 

In the north of the region there rises Slovechansko-Ovruchskyi

mountain-ridge, formed of pre-cembrian quartzites. Its highest peak

reaches 316 meters above the sea level.

 

The climate is moderate-continental with warm wet summer and mild cloudy

winter. The average temperature is: in summer +18,5°C, in winter –

-5,5°C. Average annual precipitation level is 753 mm. The territory of

the region is traversed with 221 rivers, their total length being 5366

km. All the rivers belong to the Dnieper basin. The longest rivers

within the boundaries of the region are: the Teteriv – 247 km, the Sluch

– 194 km, the Irpin' – 174 km, the Irsha – 136 km. There are many large

lakes in Zhytomyr Region. The largest ones Chorne, Kupye, Ozeryanske,

Duzhe, Didove, Prybylovetske are located in the basin of the Ubort'

river.

 

The region has a 280 km length border with Bielorus Republic, mainly

with Homel Region. There are 2 transition points situated on the border

– Maydan-Kopyshchanskyi in Olevsk District and Vystupovychi in Ovruch

District. Besides there are pass points at railway stations in Ovruch

and Korosten, and an air-traffic one in the settlement of urban type

Ozerne, Zhytomyr District. The region borders on Kyiv, Vinnytsya,

Khmelnytsk, Rivne Regions of Ukraine.

 

Due to favourable geografic situation and a developed network of

motorways and railways the region has convenient transport communication

with Kyiv, Lviv, Uzhhorod, Kharkiv, Odessa, Minsk, Moscow, St.

Petersburg as well as the countries of Eastern and Central Europe. The

distance between Zhytomyr and Kiev by railway is 165 km, by motorway is

131 km.

 

Zhytomyr land gave the world Academician Serhiy Korolyov, poetress Lesya

Ukrainka, world famous writers Volodymyr Korolenko, Joseph Konrad, poet

Academician Maksym Rylskyi, outstanding scientist, public figure Ivan

Ohienko, pianist Svyatoslav Rikhter, classic of Ukrainian music Borys

Lyatoshynskyi.

 

Writers Onore de Balsak, Mykhailo Kotsyubynskyi and Oleksandr Kuprin,

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