rincipality and Poland into a federative state, the
territory of Zhytomyr Region as a part of Right-Bank Ukraine fell under
the rule of Poland.
After Third division of Poland (1795) a greater part of the territory of
the region was included in structure of Volyn province, which centre
since 1804 became Zhytomyr.
The region was founded in September 22, 1937. It is located in the
central part of the East European plain, in the north of Right-Bank
Ukraine. The area of the region is 29,9 thousand square kilometers, that
makes 4,9 % of the territory of Ukraine. By its sizes the region is one
of the largest in Ukraine and yields only to four regions: Odessa,
Dnipropetrovsk, Chernihiv and Kharkiv. Its area is larger than that of
Armenia, Albania, Israel, Cyprus, Lebanon. Generally in Ukraine it
occupies the 5th place.
The length of the region from west to east is 170 km, from north to
south – 230 km. It is located in two natural zones. Its northern part is
in Polissya zone , southern one is within Forest-steppe zone.
In the north of the region there rises Slovechansko-Ovruchskyi
mountain-ridge, formed of pre-cembrian quartzites. Its highest peak
reaches 316 meters above the sea level.
The climate is moderate-continental with warm wet summer and mild cloudy
winter. The average temperature is: in summer +18,5°C, in winter –
-5,5°C. Average annual precipitation level is 753 mm. The territory of
the region is traversed with 221 rivers, their total length being 5366
km. All the rivers belong to the Dnieper basin. The longest rivers
within the boundaries of the region are: the Teteriv – 247 km, the Sluch
– 194 km, the Irpin' – 174 km, the Irsha – 136 km. There are many large
lakes in Zhytomyr Region. The largest ones Chorne, Kupye, Ozeryanske,
Duzhe, Didove, Prybylovetske are located in the basin of the Ubort'
The region has a 280 km length border with Bielorus Republic, mainly
with Homel Region. There are 2 transition points situated on the border
– Maydan-Kopyshchanskyi in Olevsk District and Vystupovychi in Ovruch
District. Besides there are pass points at railway stations in Ovruch
and Korosten, and an air-traffic one in the settlement of urban type
Ozerne, Zhytomyr District. The region borders on Kyiv, Vinnytsya,
Khmelnytsk, Rivne Regions of Ukraine.
Due to favourable geografic situation and a developed network of
motorways and railways the region has convenient transport communication
with Kyiv, Lviv, Uzhhorod, Kharkiv, Odessa, Minsk, Moscow, St.
Petersburg as well as the countries of Eastern and Central Europe. The
distance between Zhytomyr and Kiev by railway is 165 km, by motorway is
Zhytomyr land gave the world Academician Serhiy Korolyov, poetress Lesya
Ukrainka, world famous writers Volodymyr Korolenko, Joseph Konrad, poet
Academician Maksym Rylskyi, outstanding scientist, public figure Ivan
Ohienko, pianist Svyatoslav Rikhter, classic of Ukrainian music Borys
Writers Onore de Balsak, Mykhailo Kotsyubynskyi and Oleksandr Kuprin,
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