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НазваState of Alabama
РозділРізне, реферати, курсові з різних напрямків
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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на тему:


«State of Alabama»




Flag of Alabama Seal




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на замовлення відвідувачів сайту - БЕЗКОШТОВНО




1. Etymology of state name


2. History


3. Geography


4. Economy


5. Health, Education, and Policy





Alabama (formally, the State of Alabama) is a state located in the

southern region of the United States of America. It is bordered by

Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Florida and the Gulf of

Mexico to the south, and Mississippi to the west. Alabama ranks 30th in

total land area and ranks second in the size of its inland waterways.

The state ranks 23rd in population with almost 4.6 million residents in



From the American Civil War until World War II, Alabama, like many

Southern States, suffered economic hardship, in part because of

continued dependence on agriculture. White rural interests dominated the

state legislature until the 1960s, while urban interests were

underrepresented. In the years following World War II, Alabama

experienced significant recovery as the economy of the state

transitioned from agriculture to diversified interests in heavy

manufacturing, mineral extraction, education, and high technology, as

well as the establishment or expansion of multiple military

installations, primarily those of the U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force.

Today, the state is heavily invested in aerospace, education, health

care, and banking, and various heavy industries including automobile

manufacturing, mineral extraction, steel production and fabrication.


Alabama is unofficially nicknamed the Yellowhammer State, which is also

the name of the state bird. Alabama is also known as the "Heart of

Dixie". The state tree is the Longleaf Pine, the state flower is the

Camellia. The capital of Alabama is Montgomery, and the largest city by

population is Birmingham. The largest city by total land area is

Huntsville. The oldest city is Mobile.


Etymology of state name


The Alabama, a Muskogean tribe, which resided just below the confluence

of the Coosa and Tallapoosa Rivers on the upper reaches of the Alabama

River, served as the etymological source of the names of the river and

state. In the Alabama language, the word for an Alabama person is

Albaamo (or variously Albaama or Albaamo in different dialects; the

plural form "Alabama persons" is Albaamaha). The word Alabama is

believed to have originated from the Choctaw language and was later

adopted by the Alabama tribe as their name. The spelling of the word

varies significantly between sources. The first usage appears in three

accounts of the Hernando de Soto expedition of 1540 with Garcilasso de

la Vega using Alibamo while the Knight of Elvas and Rodrigo Ranjel wrote

Alibamu and Limamu, respectively. As early as 1702, the tribe was known

to the French as Alibamon with French maps identifying the river as

Riviere des Alibamons. Other spellings of the appellation have included

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