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НазваIbn Seena (Avicenna)
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Abd All?h ibn S?n? (Persian/Arabic: ??? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ???
?????); (born c. 980 near Bukhara, Khorasan, died 1037 in Hamedan), also
known as Ibn Seena and commonly known in English by his Latinized name
Avicenna (Greek A?????????), was a Persian polymath and the foremost
physician and philosopher of his time. He was also an astronomer,
chemist, geologist, Hafiz, logician, paleontologist, mathematician,
physicist, poet, psychologist, scientist, Sheikh, soldier, statesman,
teacher and Islamic theologian.

d The Canon of Medicine, which is a standard medical text at many
Islamic and European universities. The Canon of Medicine was used as a
text-book in the universities of Montpellier and Louvain as late as
1650. Ibn S?n? developed a medical system that combined his own personal
experience with that of Islamic medicine, the medical system of the
Greek physician Galen, Aristotelian metaphysics (Avicenna was one of the
main interpreters of Aristotle), and ancient Persian, Mesopotamian and
Indian medicine. He

Ibn S?n? is regarded as a father of early modern medicine, and clinical
pharmacology particularly for his introduction of systematic
experimentation and quantification into the study of physiology, his
discovery of the contagious nature of infectious diseases, the
introduction of quarantine to limit the spread of contagious diseases,
the introduction of experimental medicine, evidence-based medicine,
clinical trials, randomized controlled trials, efficacy tests, clinical
pharmacology, neuropsychiatry, risk factor analysis, and the idea of a
syndrome, and the importance of dietetics and the influence of climate
and environment on health. He is also considered the father of the
fundamental concept of momentum in physics, and regarded as a pioneer of
aromatherapy for his invention of steam distillation and extraction of
essential oils. He also developed the concept of uniformitarianism and
law of superposition in geology.

George Sarton, an author of the history of science, wrote in the
Introduction to the History of Science:

"One of the most famous exponents of Muslim universalism and an eminent
figure in Islamic learning was Ibn Sina, known in the West as Avicenna
(981-1037). For a thousand years he has retained his original renown as
one of the greatest thinkers and medical scholars in history. His most
important medical works are the Qanun (Canon) and a treatise on Cardiac
drugs. The 'Qanun fi-l-Tibb' is an immense encyclopedia of medicine. It
contains some of the most illuminating thoughts pertaining to
distinction of mediastinitis from pleurisy; contagious nature of
phthisis; distribution of diseases by water and soil; careful
description of skin troubles; of sexual diseases and perversions; of
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