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НазваState of Alabama
РозділРізне, реферати, курсові з різних напрямків
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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на тему:

«State of Alabama»

Flag of Alabama	Seal

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1. Etymology of state name

2. History

3. Geography

4. Economy

5. Health, Education, and Policy



Alabama (formally, the State of Alabama) is a state located in the
southern region of the United States of America. It is bordered by
Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Florida and the Gulf of
Mexico to the south, and Mississippi to the west. Alabama ranks 30th in
total land area and ranks second in the size of its inland waterways.
The state ranks 23rd in population with almost 4.6 million residents in

From the American Civil War until World War II, Alabama, like many
Southern States, suffered economic hardship, in part because of
continued dependence on agriculture. White rural interests dominated the
state legislature until the 1960s, while urban interests were
underrepresented. In the years following World War II, Alabama
experienced significant recovery as the economy of the state
transitioned from agriculture to diversified interests in heavy
manufacturing, mineral extraction, education, and high technology, as
well as the establishment or expansion of multiple military
installations, primarily those of the U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force.
Today, the state is heavily invested in aerospace, education, health
care, and banking, and various heavy industries including automobile
manufacturing, mineral extraction, steel production and fabrication.

Alabama is unofficially nicknamed the Yellowhammer State, which is also
the name of the state bird. Alabama is also known as the "Heart of
Dixie". The state tree is the Longleaf Pine, the state flower is the
Camellia. The capital of Alabama is Montgomery, and the largest city by
population is Birmingham. The largest city by total land area is
Huntsville. The oldest city is Mobile.

Etymology of state name

The Alabama, a Muskogean tribe, which resided just below the confluence
of the Coosa and Tallapoosa Rivers on the upper reaches of the Alabama
River, served as the etymological source of the names of the river and
state. In the Alabama language, the word for an Alabama person is
Albaamo (or variously Albaama or Albаamo in different dialects; the
plural form "Alabama persons" is Albaamaha). The word Alabama is
believed to have originated from the Choctaw language and was later
adopted by the Alabama tribe as their name. The spelling of the word
varies significantly between sources. The first usage appears in three
accounts of the Hernando de Soto expedition of 1540 with Garcilasso de
la Vega using Alibamo while the Knight of Elvas and Rodrigo Ranjel wrote
Alibamu and Limamu, respectively. As early as 1702, the tribe was known
to the French as Alibamon with French maps identifying the river as
Riviиre des Alibamons. Other spellings of the appellation have included
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