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на тему:

“South  Carolina”

Flag of South Carolina	Seal


1. Geography

2. Climate

3. History

4. Largest City Areas and religion

5. Economy

6. Government and politics

7. Education

South Carolina is a state in the southern region (Deep South) of the
United States of America. It borders Georgia to the south and North
Carolina to the north. Originally part of the Province of Carolina, the
Province of South Carolina was one of the 13 colonies that declared
independence from the British Crown during the American Revolution. The
colony was originally named in honor of King Charles II of England,
Scotland, and Ireland, as Carolus is Latin for Charles. South Carolina
was the first state to secede from the Union and was a founding state of
the Confederate States of America. According to an estimate by the
United States Census Bureau, the state's population in 2007 was
4,407,709 and ranked 24th among the U.S. states.

1. Geography

South Carolina is bordered to the north by North Carolina; to the south
and west by Georgia, located across the Savannah River; and to the east
by the Atlantic Ocean.

South Carolina is composed of thirty six geographic areas, whose
boundaries roughly parallel the northeast/southwest Atlantic coastline.
The lowest part of the state is the Coastal Zone, which is divided into
three separate areas(The Grand Strand, Santee River Delta, and the
Barrier Islands), The second part going inland is the Coastal Plains,
often divided into the Outer and Inner Coastal Plains, is also known as
the Lowcountry. The land above the plains is known as the sandhills,
which used to be South Carolina's fall line. above that is the piedmont,
which contains many major cities and is hilly. The last region is the
Blue ridge, which is the smallest region. It is mountainous. The
Lowcountry is nearly flat and composed entirely of recent sediments such
as sand, silt, and clay. Areas with better drainage make excellent
farmland, though some land is swampy. The coastline contains many salt
marshes and estuaries, as well as natural ports such as Georgetown and
Charleston. An unusual feature of the coastal plain is a large number of
Carolina bays, the origins of which are uncertain, though one prominent
theory suggests that they were created by a meteor shower. The bays tend
to be oval, lining up in a northwest to southeast orientation.

Just west of the coastal plain is the Sandhills region, also known as
the Midlands. This region of the state is thought to contain remnants of
old coastal dunes from a time when the land was sunken or the oceans
were higher.

The Piedmont (Upstate) region contains the roots of an ancient, eroded
mountain chain. It is generally hilly, with thin, stony clay soils, and
contains few areas suitable for farming. Much of the Piedmont was once
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