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РЕФЕРАТ

 

на тему:

 

“South Carolina”

 

 

 

Flag of South Carolina Seal

 

 

 

Contents

 

1. Geography

 

2. Climate

 

3. History

 

4. Largest City Areas and religion

 

5. Economy

 

6. Government and politics

 

7. Education

 

South Carolina is a state in the southern region (Deep South) of the

United States of America. It borders Georgia to the south and North

Carolina to the north. Originally part of the Province of Carolina, the

Province of South Carolina was one of the 13 colonies that declared

independence from the British Crown during the American Revolution. The

colony was originally named in honor of King Charles II of England,

Scotland, and Ireland, as Carolus is Latin for Charles. South Carolina

was the first state to secede from the Union and was a founding state of

the Confederate States of America. According to an estimate by the

United States Census Bureau, the state's population in 2007 was

4,407,709 and ranked 24th among the U.S. states.

 

1. Geography

 

South Carolina is bordered to the north by North Carolina; to the south

and west by Georgia, located across the Savannah River; and to the east

by the Atlantic Ocean.

 

South Carolina is composed of thirty six geographic areas, whose

boundaries roughly parallel the northeast/southwest Atlantic coastline.

The lowest part of the state is the Coastal Zone, which is divided into

three separate areas(The Grand Strand, Santee River Delta, and the

Barrier Islands), The second part going inland is the Coastal Plains,

often divided into the Outer and Inner Coastal Plains, is also known as

the Lowcountry. The land above the plains is known as the sandhills,

which used to be South Carolina's fall line. above that is the piedmont,

which contains many major cities and is hilly. The last region is the

Blue ridge, which is the smallest region. It is mountainous. The

Lowcountry is nearly flat and composed entirely of recent sediments such

as sand, silt, and clay. Areas with better drainage make excellent

farmland, though some land is swampy. The coastline contains many salt

marshes and estuaries, as well as natural ports such as Georgetown and

Charleston. An unusual feature of the coastal plain is a large number of

Carolina bays, the origins of which are uncertain, though one prominent

theory suggests that they were created by a meteor shower. The bays tend

to be oval, lining up in a northwest to southeast orientation.

 

Just west of the coastal plain is the Sandhills region, also known as

the Midlands. This region of the state is thought to contain remnants of

old coastal dunes from a time when the land was sunken or the oceans

were higher.

 

The Piedmont (Upstate) region contains the roots of an ancient, eroded

mountain chain. It is generally hilly, with thin, stony clay soils, and

contains few areas suitable for farming. Much of the Piedmont was once

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